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Urinary incontinence: causes of acute and reversible
DRIP:
Delirium
Restricted mobility/ Retention
Inflammation / Infection/ Impaction [fecal]
Pharmaceuticals / Polyuria
· "Drip" is convenient since it is urinary incontinence, so urine only drips out.
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---Anonymous Contributor
 
Nephrotic syndrome: causes for secondary nephrotic syndrome
DAVID:
Diabetes mellitus
Amyloidosis
Vasculitis
Infections
Drugs
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---Anonymous Contributor
 
Pyelonephritis (acute): predisposing factors
SCARRIN' UP:
Sex (females <40, males >40)
Catheterization
Age (infant, elderly)
Renal lesions
Reflux (vesciouteral)
Immunodeficienct
NIDDM, IDDM
Urinary obstuction
Pregnant
· Acute pyelonephritis heals by scarrin' up the area (pyelonephritic scar).
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---Yazeed A.Oqaili King Saud University Medical College
 
Hydronephrosis: differential
· Unilateral is PACT:
Pelvic-uteric obstruction (congenital or acquired)
Aberrant renal vessels
Calculi
Tumours of renal pelvis
· Bilateral is SUPER:
Stenosis of the urethra
Urethral valve
Prostatic enlargement
Extensive bladder tumour
Retro-peritoneal fibrosis
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---Sushant Varma Medical student, University of Sheffield, UK
 
Dialysis: indications
AEIOU:
Acid-base problems (severe acidosis or alkalosis)
Electrolyte problems (hyperkalemia)
Intoxications
Overload, fluid
Uremic symptoms
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---Malvinder S. Parmar, MD, FRCPC, FACP Timmins & District Hospital, Timmins, ON, Canada
 
Enlarged kidneys: causes
SHAPE:
Sclerderma
HIV nephropathy
Amyloidosis
Polycystic kidney disease
Endocrinophathy (diabetes)
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---Dino Santoro University of Manitoba
 
Prostatism: initial symptoms
"Prostatism is initially FUN":
Frequency
Urgency
Nocturia
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---Peter L University of Queensland Medical School
 
Renal Cell Cancer (RCC): genetic marker
"RCC" equals three. Or, "C" is the third letter of the alphabet.
· RCC is associated with genetic abberations on the third chromosome (VHL gene)
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---Thomas B. Edmunds, Jr, MD Chief Resident at SUNY Stony Brook
 
Polycystic kidney: genetic marker
"P" is the 16th letter of the alphabet.
· Autosomal dominant Polycystic kidney disease is associated with abberation on the 16th chromosome.
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---Thomas B. Edmunds, Jr, MD Chief Resident at SUNY Stony Brook
 
Glomerular disease with a reduced complement level
PELICAN:
Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis
Endocarditis (sub-acute)
Lupus erythematosus
Idiopatic membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
Cryoglobulinemia
Abscess (visceral)
Nephritis
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---Alexandre de Freitas Miranda Federal University of Rio de Janeiro -Brazil -RJ
 
 
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